Anaerobic induction of alanine aminotransferase in barley root tissue

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  • Alanine aminotransferase, otherwise called glutamate-pyruvate aminotransferase (GPT), activity increases up to fourfold during several days of anaerobic induction in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) roots, reaching a maximum activity of 13 intemational units per gram fresh weight. This increase in activity paralleled the increase in alcohol dehydrogenase activity in the same root tissue. Upon return to aerobic conditions, the induced GPT activity declined with an apparent half-life of 2 days. The isozyme profile of GPT in barley root tissue comprised one band of activity; in maize there were three bands of activity, the bands with greater mobility had much lower activity. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that the induction of GPT activity results from an increase in the level of activity of these bands; no other activities were detected. When root tissue was induced under different levels of hypoxia (0%, 2%, 5%, and 21% 02), changes in GPT activity were found to increase with lower levels of oxygen. Comparisons of GPT induction in barley, maize (Zea mays), rye, (Secale cereale) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) indicate that this enzyme is induced in the root tissue of all of these cereals; however, anaerobic root conditions do not result in the induction of GPT activity in leaf tissue. The dependence of GPT induction on high levels of nitrate in the media was tested by comparing activity levels in Hoagland solution and a nitrate-free nutrient solution. GPT activity was induced to similar levels under both conditions. These results indicate that alanine aminotransferase shows a very similar pattern of induction to alcohol dehydrogenase in barley root tissue and may be important in anaerobic glycolysis.

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    © 1989 American Society of Plant...
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    • Good, A.G., & Crosby, W. L. (1989). Anaerobic induction of alanine aminotransferase in barley root tissue. Plant Physiololy, 90(4), 1305-1309. DOI: 10.1104/pp.90.4.1305.