Economics of Diversified Cropping Systems in the Black and Dark Gray Soil Zones in the Canadian Prairie Region

  • Author / Creator
    Liu, Chenxi
  • There has been an ongoing trend of increasing Canadian canola production, coinciding with
    increased intensity of canola in rotations. This contrasts with extensive research that has found
    significant agronomic benefits from less canola-intensive and more diversified cropping systems.
    Current producer behavior in terms of increasing frequency of canola in rotations is attributable
    to the short-term profitability of canola relative to competing crops, although other factors such
    as participation in business risk management (BRM) programs may also be relevant.
    Understanding the role that these factors play in determining risk efficient crop rotations is of
    importance to industry as well as to policy makers.
    This study examines the economic trade-offs for alternative crop rotations, through an evaluation
    of net returns from crop production for representative Alberta and Saskatchewan cropping
    operations in the Black and Dark Gray soil zones. Production and market risk are incorporated
    through modeling of stochastic processes for crop yields and prices. Farm-level benefits and
    costs of rotations are estimated using Monte Carlo simulation and Net Present Value analysis
    methods. SERF analysis is used to identify risk efficient rotations for different levels of risk
    aversion. A common cropping rotation, consisting of spring wheat and canola was designed as
    the base rotation for all representative farms, and alternative cropping systems examined in the
    study were varied in length, specific crops included (i.e., barley, oats, field peas, flax) and degree
    of diversification/specialization.
    Results suggested all rotations for all three farms generated significantly positive expected
    wealth, while more specialized crop production were more economically viable due to the shortterm economic benefits associated with specialization. The annualized per acre risk premiums
    required by producers to adopt more diversified crop rotations were approximately $34, $2.30, and $11 in Camrose, Smoky River and Saskatchewan, respectively. Further, SERF results also
    suggested the advantages of specialized rotations are reinforced by participation in BRM
    programs, with corresponding increases in the risk premiums required to adopt more diversified
    rotations. This confirms the role of BRM programs in supporting adoption of more specialized
    crop rotations by crop producers in the study regions. While including yield effects of previous
    crops in the rotation did not have a significant impact on results for the risk efficiency analysis, it
    did highlight the relevance of this type of information on the economic performance of
    alternative rotations and the benefits (or lack thereof) of more diversified rotations. Lastly, the
    results from this study support the argument that information on negative productivity factors
    (e.g., disease event incidence and severity) are needed to provide producers with the knowledge
    required to make informed cropping management decisions.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2021
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.