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Effects of air pollutants on the forest ecosystem: A review

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Air pollution and its effects on various ecosystems has been a subject of increasing controversy. The European forest damage situation has heightened the public's awareness of the problem. Historically, the observed pollution damage was believed to be due mainly to sulphur dioxide pollution. Recent research has indicated that other factors including nitrogen oxides, ozone and other photo-oxidants, and various climatic conditions contribute to the problem. The possibility of a multiple-pollutant effect is recognized and is leading to a more multi-disciplinary approach to the study of the effects of air pollution on forest ecosystems. In Canada, research has centred around the higher emission areas in the eastern part of the country. In the western provinces, there is a concern that the forests may be adversely affected in the long term. Alberta is in a fortunate situation because most of its soils are underlain by calcareous bedrock and can, therefore, neutralize in-coming acids more efficiently than areas covered by the Canadian Shield. However, sensitive areas do exist, and the long-term impact of continuous inputs into the system is not yet fully understood.

  • Date created
    1986
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Report
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3JM23G3R
  • License
    This material is provided under educational reproduction permissions included in Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development's Copyright and Disclosure Statement, see terms at http://www.environment.alberta.ca/copyright.html. This Statement requires the following identification: \"The source of the materials is Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development http://www.environment.gov.ab.ca/. The use of these materials by the end user is done without any affiliation with or endorsement by the Government of Alberta. Reliance upon the end user's use of these materials is at the risk of the end user.