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Heel Buildup during Electrothermal Regeneration of Activated Carbon Fiber Cloth

  • Author / Creator
    Niknaddaf, Saeid
  • Adsorption is the most common method for controlling volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emission from automotive painting process. However, unwanted accumulation of adsorbate during cycling (heel buildup) is a common challenge in this process. The objective of this research is to identify the impact of regeneration conditions such as temperature, heating rate and purge flow rate on heel buildup and adsorption capacity. For this purpose, five cycle adsorption/regeneration experiments using 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (TMB) on activated carbon fiber cloth (ACFC) were completed using resistive heating. Increasing temperature from 288 to 400 °C worsened adsorbent performance, as indicated by smaller adsorption capacity and larger heel buildup. Decreasing heating rate from 100 to 5 °C/min and increasing flow rate from 5 to 0.1 SLPM decreased heel buildup (by 56% and 90%, respectively) and capacity loss (by 85% and 97%, respectively). These observations are the result of carbon deposition due to thermal degradation of TMB during regeneration which is the impact of rapid adsorbent heating rates. The results of this work will help to optimize regeneration condition to allow fast desorption with minimal adsorbate decomposition

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2015-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WM1412K
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Environmental Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Hashisho, Zaher (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Hashisho, Zaher (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Yu, Tong (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Rajendran, Arvind (Chemical and Materials Engineering)