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An investigation on interaction between nano crystalline cellulose and water-soluble polymers in aqueous solutions

  • Author / Creator
    Khalili, Zahra
  • In this research, the phase behavior of rod like nano crystalline cellulose (NCC) suspensions has been investigated. NCC suspensions with concentration at 1-4wt.% exhibited isotropic behavior,a mixture of isotropic-nematic behaviorat 4 - 6wt.%, and nematic phase behaviorat 7- 10wt.%. Then, both phase and rheological behaviors of NCC suspensions were investigated in the presence of polymers such as hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC), dextran, and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solutions. HEC revealed noticeable impact on phase behavior and induced depletion interaction in NCC-HEC mixtures. Dextran, because of its branched structure did not show thickening behavior in NCC-dextran mixtures. Light polarization and rheological tests showed that CMC can also induce depletion interaction in NCC-CMC mixtures. The effect of ionic strength was also studied by adding NaCl in CMC solutions.Increasing NaCl concentration caused considerable variation in rheological behavior of the samples and they turned into gel-like samples at high NaCl concentrations.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R36G76
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Yaman Boluk ( Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Dr. Philip Choi (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Yaman Boluk ( Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Dr. Qi Liu (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Dr. Philip Choi (Chemical and Materials Engineering)