The influence of forest structure on light and regeneration in complex coniferous stands

  • Author / Creator
    Lochhead, Kyle
  • Quantification of the effects of residual forest structure on the understory light environment is needed to guide silvicultural strategies that facilitate regeneration. In this study I measured understory light using various methods in a dry, uneven-aged mixed conifer forest in British Columbia, Canada. These measurements were collected from an experiment established in 1994 where four residual basal area treatments (8m2/ha, 16m2/ha, 24m2/ha and uncut) effectively created a gradient of structure. Estimates of stand structure including density (N), basal area (G) and stand density index (SDI) explained 12 to 38% of the variability in understory light levels. Stand variables that heavily weighted the influence of larger trees on light attenuation were weak predictors of understory light. Incorporating variables describing the composition and size of trees in the overstory greatly increased the predictive power of the models. The abundance and growth of regeneration was strongly positively related to both light and understory vegetation.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Renewable Resources
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Comeau, Phil (Renewable Resources)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Silins, Uldis (Renewable Resources)
    • Dr. Gamon, John (Biological Sciences)
    • Dr. Macdonald, Ellen (Renewable Resources)