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Initial adhesion of EPS producing bacteria Burkholderia cepacia – the impact of cranberry juice

  • Author / Creator
    Yang, Xuejiao
  • The impact of cranberry juice was investigated with respect to the initial adhesion of three isogenic Burkholderia cepacia bacteria with different extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) producing capacities: a wild-type cepacian EPS producer PC184, mutant bacteria PC184rml with reduced EPS production, and PC184bceK with a deficiency in EPS production. Adhesion experiments demonstrated that in the presence of cranberry juice, the adhesive capacity of PC184 was largely reduced, while cranberry juice had little impact on the adhesion of either mutant. Thermodynamic modeling supported results from adhesion experiments. For PC184, the surface free energy change ΔGadh switched from negative in the absence of cranberry juice to positive when cranberry juice was added. Surface force apparatus (SFA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies demonstrated strong adsorption of cranberry juice components to bacterial EPS. It was concluded that cranberry juice components could impact bacterial initial adhesion by adhering to EPS and impairing bacterial adhesive capacity.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3TH40
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Liu, Yang (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Buchanan, Ian (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Zeng, Hongbo (Chemical and Materials Engineering)