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Understanding the Role of Caustic Addition: A Comparison of Sodium Hydroxide and Ammonium Hydroxide

  • Author / Creator
    Flury, Christopher T.
  • To understand the role of caustic addition and its effect on the bitumen extraction process, a novel flow cell and a Denver Cell extraction unit were utilized. This allowed for the comparison of sodium hydroxide and ammonium hydroxides effect on real oil sands ores. Several ores (A1, C-ore, SunP210) were tested at various pH levels in process water that was adjusted by either the sodium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide. The novel flow cell allowed for viewing of the liberation process which showed that both caustics performed similarly in all cases. In the overall recovery, ammonium hydroxide increased the percent recovered greatly at the high pH of 11.3. This was due to several factors such as smaller induction times, a more hydrophobic bitumen surface, less negative zeta potentials and a decrease in the release of natural surfactants in ammonium hydroxide solutions. Overall, ammonium hydroxide was found to be a suitable replacement for sodium hydroxide.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3RK5F
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Afacan, Artin (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Xu, Zhenghe (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Liu, Qingxia (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Szymanski, Jozef (Civil and Environmental Engineering)