Infection and mycotoxin production by Fusarium lactis, causal agent of internal fruit rot of sweet pepper

  • Author / Creator
    Yang, Yalong
  • Internal fruit rot, caused by Fusarium lactis, is as an important disease of greenhouse sweet pepper. Fungal growth was studied microscopically during anthesis and fruit development. Hyphae were observed on the stigmatal surface one day after inoculation (DAI), and in the transmitting tissues of the style and inside the ovary at 5 and 6 DAI. Symptomless seeds from infected fruits yielded colonies of F. lactis when cultured axenically, and typical disease symptoms were observed when fruits were dissected at 45 DAI. Isolates of F. lactis and the related species F. proliferatum and F. verticillioides, which are also associated with internal fruit rot, produced the mycotoxins beauvericin, moniliformin and fumonisin B1 in various combinations, both in infected fruits and in vitro. These findings suggest that internal fruit rot is initiated through infection of the stigma and style during anthesis, and that mycotoxin contamination of infected fruit could pose a health concern.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Strelkov, Stephen (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Currah, Randy (Biological Sciences)
    • Howard, Ron (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Dosdall, Lloyd (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)