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Does overload exercise training alter autonomic nervous system activity and hemodynamic regulation in aerobically fit men?

  • Author / Creator
    Lampe, William L
  • In general, chronic endurance training has positive effects on physiological function. However, the performance of training in excess of what an individual is able to recover from can lead to performance, physiological and psychobiological maladaptation. The purposes of this investigation were to assess the temporal changes in: 1) the activity of the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the ANS, as well as hemodynamic regulation, at rest, 2) the response of the sympathetic branch of the ANS, and the hemodynamic response, to stress, and 3) psychobiological measures of fatigue associated with a period of overload training and a period of tapered training. It was hypothesized: 1) that resting sympathetic activity would be increased following the period of overload training and return toward baseline levels following the period of tapered training, 2) that the overload period would augment the sympathetic response to a sympathetic stressor and the taper period would return the response toward baseline values, and 3) that the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system at rest would not be altered by the periods of overload or tapered training. Hemodynamic and autonomic activity were assessed at rest and during a graded lower body negative pressure test in young, fit male participants prior to and following one week of intense training and a subsequent week of tapered training. Neither performance nor psychobiological disturbances were observed following either period of training. Blood pressure was reduced and vascular conductance increased following the intense training period, while resting autonomic nervous system activity and the autonomic and hemodynamic responses to stress were not influenced. Thus, the period of intense training performed by participants did not cause performance, physiological or psychobiological maladaptation or alter the activity of the autonomic nervous system.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3P66D
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Physical Education and Recreation
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kennedy, Michael (Physical Education and Recreation)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • DeLorey, Darren (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Jones, Kelvin (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Kennedy, Michael (Physical Education and Recreation)