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Thermal Analysis and Pyrolysis Pathways of Coal-Related Ether Compounds

  • Author / Creator
    Wei, Wei
  • The stability of the ether bond affects coal dissolution during direct coal liquefaction and aliphatic ethers are reportedly the most reactive of the oxygenate classes during liquefaction. Some ether compounds are also persistent to high temperature during coal pyrolysis. The thermolysis of ether compounds using high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry (HPDSC) were performed to study the thermal decomposition of aliphatic and aromatic ethers. These results showed that the melting point of each ether sample is quite accurate compared to the literature data, and the high temperature decomposition could be determined. GC-MS results indicated that the ether compounds decomposed to a number of smaller and larger organic molecules. The detailed reaction pathways of the model ether compounds on their own and in the presence of a hydrogen-donor solvent were studied. These results help us to understand the role of autothermolysis of ethers versus induced thermolysis of ethers during coal liquefaction.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3QR4NZ8R
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • de Klerk, Arno (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Gupta, Rajender (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • de Klerk, Arno (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Gupta, Rajender (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Prasad, Vinay (Chemical and Materials Engineering)