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Freshwater microbialites from Laguna Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico: effects controlling their growth

  • Author / Creator
    Castro, Set, I
  • Microbialites are among the oldest direct evidence of life on Earth. They reached their greatest abundance and diversity during the Proterozoic and decline thereafter. The decline has been attributed to grazing and/or burrowing by metazoan, to changes in ocean chemistry leading to a drop in carbonate saturation, or to substrate and elemental competition with other organisms capable of precipitating calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Here we examine the freshwater microbialites of Laguna Bacalar (Mexico) in hope of better understanding the various factors controlling their growth, and internal fabric. It was concluded that microbialite growth was controlled by the supersaturation of water with regards to CaCO3, however, the laminated (stromatolitic) and clotted (thrombolitic) fabric were dependent on sediment transport and availability. The presence of gastropods and bivalves appeared not to influence growth due to the fast growth rate employed by microbialites as well as to the endolithic growth of the cyanobacteria present.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3VW90
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gingras, Murray (EAS)
    • Konhauser, Kurt (EAS)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Zonneveld, John-Paul (EAS)