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Mechanisms of Aluminum Tolerance in Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat). II. Differential pH Induced by Spring Cultivars in Nutrient Solutions.

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Twenty spring cultivars of Traticum aestivum L. (wheat) were grown in solution culture with and without aluminum (A1) (74 gM, 2.0 mg L-l) for 14 days. Root growth and shoot growth were depressed in all cultivars grown with A1; however, symptoms of A1 toxicity were most evident on roots. Based on a root tolerance index (RTI = weight of roots grown with Al/weight of roots grown without A1), cultivar tolerance ranged from 0.18 + 0.02 to 0.85 + 0.03. Aluminum- affected roots were relatively short, thick, and had numerous undeveloped laterals. Leaves of some cultivars showed chlorosis resembling iron deficiency and others showed purple stems typical of phosphate deficiency. Plants of all cultivars induced a progressive decline in nutrient solution pH from the outset of the experiment until Days 10-14. After this initial period, some cultivars rapidly increased solution pH, while others continued to depress solution pH throughout the experiment. Cultivar tolerance expressed as the RTI was negatively correlated with the negative log of the mean hydrogen ion (H+) concentration, the minimum pH and the slope of the pH decline, each calculated from pH data collected during the first 9 days of the experimental period before any sharp rises in pH. The relationship between solution pH and A1 tolerance was similar to that reported previously for winter cultivars of T. aestivum, suggesting that the A1 tolerance of a given cultivar is a function of its ability to resist acidification of the nutrient solution and hence to limit the solubility and toxicity of Al.

  • Date created
    1985
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R39C6S36G
  • License
    This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Taylor, G.J., and Foy, C.D. (1985). Mechanisms of Aluminum Tolerance in Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat). II. Differential pH Induced by Spring Cultivars in Nutrient Solutions. American Journal of Botany , 72(5) 702-706.