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Kinetics of aluminum uptake by excised roots of aluminum-tolerant and aluminum-sensitive cultivars of Triticum aestivum L.

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Uptake of aluminum (Al) by excised roots of two Al-tolerant cultivars and two Al-sensitive cultivars of Triticum aestivum L. (wheat) was biphasic, with a rapid phase of uptake in the first 30 minutes followed by a linear phase of uptake up to 180 minutes. At the end of the uptake period, higher concentrations of Al were found in roots of the Al-sensitive cultivars (Neepawa and Scout-66) than in the Al-tolerant cultivars (Atlas-66 and PT-741), but differences were small. Experiments testing the effectiveness of several desorption agents demonstrated that citric acid was most effective in desorption of loosely bound Al (the putative apoplasmic compartment) followed by others in the order tartaric acid > EDTA > CaSO4 = ScC13. In all cultivars, 30 minutes of desorption with citric acid depleted the rapidly exchanging, putative apoplasmic compartment, although some tightly bound Al remained in that compartment. The relationship between Al remaining after desorption and time in the uptake medium was nearly linear and no distinction was observed between Al-tolerant and Al-sensitive cultivars. However, uptake of Al by the Al-tolerant cultivars was increased by treatment with the protonophore 2,4- dinitrophenol (DNP), while uptake of Al by Al-sensitive cultivars was relatively unaffected. Such results suggest the possible involvement of an active exclusion mechanism in Al-tolerant cultivars of T. aestivum.

  • Date created
    1989
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R37M04F4N
  • License
    © 1989 American Society of Plant...
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Zhang, G.C. & Taylor, G.J. (1989). Kinetics of aluminum uptake by excised roots of aluminum-tolerant and aluminum-sensitive cultivars of Triticum aestivum L. Plant Physiology, 91(3), 1094-1099. DOI: 10.1104/pp.91.3.1094.