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Endogenous hypothalamic somatostatins differentially regulate growth hormone secretion from goldfish pituitary somatotropes in vitro

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Using Southern blot analysis of RT-PCR products, mRNA for three different somatostatin (SS) precursors (PSS-I, -II, and -III), which encode for SS14, goldfish brain (gb)SS28, and [Pro2]SS14, respectively, were detected in goldfish hypothalamus. PSS-I and -II mRNA, but not PSS-III mRNA, were also detected in cultured pituitary cells. We subsequently examined the effects of the mature peptides, SS14, gbSS28, and [Pro2]SS14, on somatotrope signaling and GH secretion. The gbSS28 was more potent than either SS14 or [Pro2]SS14 in reducing basal GH release but was the least effective in reducing basal cellular cAMP. The ability of SS14, [Pro2]SS14, and gbSS28 to attenuate GH responses to GnRH were comparable. However, gbSS28 was less effective than SS14 and [Pro2]SS14 in diminishing dopamine- and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-stimulated GH release, as well as GH release resulting from the activation of their underlying signaling cascades. In contrast, the actions of a different 28-aminoacid SS, mammalian SS28, were more similar to those of SS14 and [Pro2]SS14. We conclude that, in goldfish, SSs differentially couple to the intracellular cascades regulating GH secretion from pituitary somatotropes. This raises the possibility that such differences may allow for the selective regulation of various aspects of somatotrope function by different SS peptides.

  • Date created
    2003
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R37W6780R
  • License
    Copyright © 2003 by The Endocrine Society
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • WK Yunker, S Smith, C Graves, PJ Davis, S Unniappan, JE Rivier, RE Peter and JP Chang. "Endogenous hypothalamic somatostatins differentially regulate growth hormone secretion from goldfish pituitary somatotropes in vitro." Endocrinology 144 (2003): 4031-4041.