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Understanding Older Adults' Leisure Behaviors in Mexico

  • Author / Creator
    Reyes Uribe, Ana C.
  • A key question in health promotion is how to predict and modify the adoption and maintenance of health enhancing behaviors such as leisure. Health promotion approaches that focus on promoting health-enhancing behaviors give particular attention to individuals’ motivation and self-determination to choose their health behaviors. Motivation and self-determination aspects go in a parallel direction with leisure research, because these two aspects are the two most relevant preconditions of leisure engagement. In Mexico, the context of interest in this study, there is little knowledge about older adults’ leisure behaviors. This research has focused on understanding why older adults do what they do in their leisure time. The purpose was to understand the process behind older adults’ leisure motivations and their leisure preferences. A conceptual framework named “the motivational process for leisure behaviors” was used. The conceptual framework that guided this work is a modification of Self-Determination theory (SDT). The elements from SDT are: motivational orientations, psychological needs, and social environments. This framework is a modification of SDT because of the addition of two elements: places and socio-demographic characteristics. An interpretative case study was used. In-depth interviews were conducted with six men and 12 women participants (60 years or older) living in the second largest city of Mexico: Guadalajara. Theoretical coding was used for analyzing the data. Findings were synthesized into five core themes: (1) the majority of older adults is self-determined and engage over the long term in leisure activities; (2) the fulfillment of psychological needs is not always a precondition for leisure engagement; (3) engagement in outdoors leisure is constrained by the functionality of the place; (4) gender inequality and gender roles affect women’s motivation for their leisure engagement; and, (5) traditional ways of conceptualizing the need for relatedness and the need for competence need to be re-considered. Overall, the conceptual framework proposed was useful for understanding the motivational process of older adults in their leisure behaviors. All motivational orientations were preceded by one or more of the other concepts proposed. It was also established that some of these concepts were interrelated. Several practical implications were also discussed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R39948
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Human Ecology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Fast, Janet (Human Ecology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Fox, Karen (Physical Education)
    • Keating, Norah (Human Ecology)
    • Walker, Gordon (Physical Education)
    • Hutchinson, Susan (Health)
    • Fast, Janet (Human Ecology)