A critical consideration of three fulfillment citations in the Gospel According to Matthew|Old Testament

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  • This paper will argue that the author of the Gospel According to Matthew employed the citations within Matt 1:18-25; 2:19-23 and 4:12-16 to demonstrate that Jesus was the messiah and the heir of David. He achieved this by using hermeneutical methods common in his day and culture, thus embedding in this new text the thematic heritage of the old. This formed the basis of his christology and it was a view unique to this Gospel in comparison to the other Synoptics. The results of this investigation are organized into five chapters. Chapter One serves to introduce the topic of investigation, present the thesis, describe the structure of the argument in general terms, and to establish the methodology used to support this inquiry. Chapter Two addresses two factors that may have influenced the evangelist in writing this Gospel. The development of Midrashic and Pesher exegesis in first century Judea and the meaning of “fulfillment.” Next, the scriptural background of the themes Matthew draws upon through the fulfillment citations considered are examined in Chapter Three. These two chapters together form the foundation for the argument that demonstrates the thesis of this study. Chapter Four examines the three citations identified above and briefly considers the parallel usage of these citations across the Synoptic Gospels in order to better understand what is unique about Matthew’s use of the text and the tradition that lay behind it. Chapter Five pulls together the findings of the previous chapters and considers what can be inferred about the Gospel’s original audience. Chapter Six summarizes the work as a whole and concludes the study.

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    Research Material
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    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International