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Vapour Phase Cracking of Bitumen Derived Heavy Gas Oil

  • Author / Creator
    Bu, Weida
  • The kinetics of vapor phase cracking of bitumen derived heavy gas oil and the quality of liquid products were investigated at temperatures of 600-700 °C. Fixed and condensed gases were analyzed by gas chromatography. The quality of liquid products was characterized using simulated distillation, elemental analysis and 13C NMR. Consistent with gas phase cracking behavior, the coke yields were negligible, below 2 %. The yields of C2-C3 olefins were 2 to 16 wt% compared with the yields of C2-C3 alkanes from 0.2 to 1.0 wt%. Hydrogen content of liquid products was lost significantly, corresponding to increase of aromatic carbon content with increase of conversion. A two-step kinetic model including fast dehydrogenation and slower cracking was proposed on the basis of chemical structure change of the reactant. The activation energy of the overall cracking reaction on reactive materials was 208 kJ/mol based on full analysis of the reactor.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3K32X
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Oil Sands Upgrading
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Murray R. Gray (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Larry Unsworth (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Dr. David Bressler (Agriculture Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Dr. Murray Gray (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Dr. Arno de Klerk (Chemical and Materials Engineering)