Total variation and adjoint state methods for seismic wavefield imaging

  • Author / Creator
    Anagaw, Amsalu Y.
  • Many geophysical inverse problems are ill-posed and have to be regularized. The most often used solution methods for solving ill-posed problems are based on the use of quadratic regularization that results in smooth solutions. Solutions of this type are not to be suitable when the model parameter is piecewise continuous blocky and edges are desired in the regularized solution. To avoid the smoothing of edges, which are very important attributes of an image, an edge-preserving regularization (non-quadratic regularization) term has to be employed. Total Variation (TV) regularization is one of the most effective regularization techniques for allowing sharp edges and the existence of discontinuities in the solutions. The edge-preserving regularization based on the TV method for small-scale geophysical inverse problems to the problem of estimating the acoustic velocity perturbation from a multi-source-receiver geophysical experiment is studied. The acoustic velocity perturbation is assumed to be piecewise continuous and blocky. The problem is based on linearization acoustic modeling using the framework of the single-scattering Born approximation from a known constant background medium. To solve this non-linear and ill-posed problem, an iterative scheme based on the conjugate gradient method is employed. The TV regularization method provides us with the opportunity to recover more useful information of velocity profiles from the measured seismic data. Though it requires more effort in implementing the TV term to control the smoothing and regularization parameter, the algorithm possesses the strong ability of marking the discontinuities and ensures their preservation from over-smoothing.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Physics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Sacchi, Mauricio (Geophysics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Boninsegni, Massimo (Physics)
    • Dumberry, Mathieu (Geophysics)
    • Kavanaugh, Jeffrey (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)