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Investigation of Ultrasonic Acoustic Standing Wave Separation of Particles in a Multi-wavelength Macro-scale Resonator

  • Author / Creator
    Setayeshgar, Alireza
  • This thesis presents an investigation of macro-scale (>5mm) multi-wavelength acoustophoresis. This is a technique used for the filtration of micro-particles from the containing suspension. It uses the primary acoustic force generated by an ultrasonic acoustic pressure standing wave. Primary acoustic force is isolated in different multi-wavelength acoustic separator experiments and imaging methods are used to capture the motion of particles separating from the containing fluid. Different investigation methods and models for analyzing the macro-scale acoustic resonators are developed and the experimented acoustic resonators are characterized. A particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) approach for measuring individual particle motion is developed specifically to track particles over the lifetime of their motion as they densify to an acoustic pressure node. The applicability of primary acoustic force theory to the macro-scale acoustic resonators is validated by applying the PTV method to images of densification of mono-disperse size and poly-dispersed size particles. Utilizing the developed validated PTV method, the acoustic energy density, a parameter that can only be derived from experiments is also determined. A probability density function (PDF) modeling the location of particles for determination of acoustic energy density is also developed which is in agreement with the PTV method. The influence of dampening and scattering of the acoustic wave in macro-scale multi-wavelength is studied. This is performed by variation of piezo-electric transducer (PZT) voltage and changing the viscosity of the suspension by using different solutions of glycerol in water. The resulting acoustic energy density dependence on PZT voltage in macro-scale multi-wavelength acoustic resonators is observed to be different from that of micro-scale acoustic resonators. This effect, which is visible in all different experimented suspensions, indicates that macro-scale multi-wavelength acoustic resonators inherently show more dampening effects than micro-scale acoustic resonators.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3NH32
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Koch, Charles (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Nobes, David (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Nobes, David (Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta)
    • Siddiqui, Kamran (Faculty of Engineering, The University of Western Ontario)
    • Olfert, Jason(Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta)
    • Sanders, Sean (Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta)
    • Lipsett, Michael (Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta)
    • Koch, Charles (Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta)