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Displacement of Water by Gas in Propped Fractures: Effect of Fracture Fluid Surface Tension, Viscosity, Proppant Wettability and Gravity

  • Author / Creator
    Parmar, Jaskaran Singh
  • Inefficient recovery of fracturing water used in multi-stage hydraulic fracturing operations is a growing industrial concern. Non-recovered water can be trapped in the tight rock matrix and/or in the complex fracture network. Trapped water can block the gas flow and damage the reservoir. This study reports results of various drainage experiments conducted to identify the factors controlling water displacement in propped hydraulic fractures. We conduct two sets of drainage experiments. First set of experiments are conducted by using a proppant packed column which is saturated with frac-fluid. These experiments are used to investigate the role of proppant and fluid characteristics on fluid recovery. Second set of drainage experiments are conducted in a physical fracture model. These experiments are designed to investigate the role of gravity, drawdown, surface tension and proppant wettability on fluid recovery. The results of this study suggest that gravity plays a dominant role in fracture cleanup and that water cleanup in fractures below well may be inefficient. Increasing the drawdown does not improve water recovery. Reducing surface tension and using treated hydrophobic proppant improves the sweep efficiency and in turn the load recovery.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3GQ6R83V
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Petroleum Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dehghanpour, Hassan (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Kuru, Ergun (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dehghanpour, Hassan (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Kuru, Ergun (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Babadagli, Tayfun (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Bayat, Alireza (Civil and Environmental Engineering)