Conservation and ecology of bryophytes in partially harvested boreal mixed-wood forests of west-central Canada

  • Author / Creator
    Caners, Richard T.
  • This thesis examined the efficacy of residual forest structure for the preservation and recovery of bryophytes five to six years after partial canopy harvest in boreal mixed-wood forests of northwestern Alberta, Canada. Bryophytes were sampled in two forest types that differed in pre-harvest abundance of broadleaf (primarily Populus tremuloides Michx. and P. balsamifera L.) and coniferous (primarily Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) canopy trees. In Chapter 2, epiphytic bryophytes growing on aspen (P. tremuloides) were characterized by species viability and nearest-neighbour relationships. Epiphyte assemblage structure showed increasing impact with declining retention owing to degradation of growing conditions for species on trees. Chapter 3 provided an analysis of species richness and abundance patterns in relation to residual canopy structure. Bryophytes generally benefitted from higher canopy retention; however, epixylic and epiphytic species were more sensitive to partial harvesting than species on other substrates, and liverworts were more sensitive than mosses. Liverworts exhibited higher among-site differences in richness as retention declined, which partly resulted from increasing numbers of local species extinctions. In an analysis of species-environment relations in partially-harvested forests in Chapter 4, forest moisture was reduced with any degree of harvesting in both forest types. Lower canopy retention and forest moisture levels were associated with reduced abundances of species with particular biological traits, such as limited reproduction and dispersal capacities. Their re-establishment after harvesting may be impeded because of biological and environmental limitations. Coniferous-dominated forests supported higher abundances of liverworts and species with greater moisture requirements than did mixed-wood broadleaf-coniferous forests, and are potentially important refuges of bryophyte source populations. Chapter 5 examined the capacity for bryophyte species to germinate from diaspore banks in forest soils. Species germinated readily from mineral soil samples obtained from harvested sites, including several perennials characteristic of intact forests. Diaspore banks may serve as a persistent source for species colonization at post-disturbance sites, but only under appropriate growing conditions and not for species that were most sensitive to harvesting. Overall, both amount and composition of forest structure retained after partial harvesting are important management considerations for ensuring conservation of the wide variety of bryophyte species in mixed-wood landscapes.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Renewable Resources
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Macdonald, S. Ellen (Renewable Resources)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Belland, René J. (Renewable Resources)
    • Gignac, Dennis L. (Biological Sciences)
    • Söderström, Lars (Biology)
    • Dale, Mark R. T. (Biological Sciences)