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Computational Assessments on Bubble Dynamics Applied to Flotation Cells

  • Author / Creator
    Mammadov, Asif
  • Au, Ag, Hg, many other metals, diamond, coal, oil and tar sands are extracted by flotation process. We can define flotation as a single, most significant unit operation in mineral processing, used in extraction of all kinds of minerals. A study of air bubble dynamics and gas-liquid multiphase flow is important for the design, development and understanding of industrial processes such as bubble column reactors, flotation cells and boilers. Hence bubble generation and attachment is an important part of flotation process. In order to understand bubble dynamics, we built models of single bubble systems. The growth and detachment of air bubble from single orifice in water tank was studied. An axisymmetric model based on the Volume of Fluid method, available in ANSYS-Fluent software was used for simulation of air bubble rising in water. Numerous numerical simulations were carried out using an axisymmetric domain with different orifice diameters (0.8, 0.4 mm), air inlet velocities (50, 150 mlph) and phase surface tensions (50, 72 mN/m). Bubble growth and rise velocity were studied and validated against experimental data published in literature. Relative good agreement was achieved. Velocity profiles of the rising bubbles as well as Reynolds, Weber and Capillary numbers were calculated. Effect of surface tension and nozzle diameter to bubble size and dynamics were discussed. It was shown that smaller surface tension of the system yields to smaller bubble size which is more favorable for flotation process.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2017-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3JS9HM2D
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Zhenghe Xu (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Petr Nikrityuk (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Vinay Prasad (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Natalia Semagina (Chemical and Materials Engineering)