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Jack Pine Signalling and Responses to Herbivory

  • Author / Creator
    Lazebnik, Jenny
  • Intra and inter-plant signalling was investigated in jack pine (Pinus banksiana) seedlings in response to jack pine budworm (Choristoneura pinus, Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) feeding. Defoliation was followed by a fungal inoculation by blue stain fungus (Grosmannia clavigera) to assess resistance. Results from greenhouse experiments showed that: 1) intra-plant signalling was mediated by intensity of larval defoliation, 2) intra-plant signalling was not observed with mechanical wounding 3) seedling resistance to a fungal pathogen depended on type of defoliation before inoculation, and 4) volatile-exposure from defoliated seedlings could mediate resistance to subsequent fungal infection. In mature jack pine stands in Ontario, needle monoterpene concentrations decreased on budworm defoliated and nearby branches. Monoterpene concentration in the phloem of mature trees was higher in trees with high budworm infestation. This research contributed to the understanding of inducible responses and volatile signalling in conifer systems. Effects of herbivory on jack pine were investigated though analysis of volatile and tissue monoterpenes, known to mediate multi-organismal ecological interactions.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3441V
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Renewable Resources
  • Specialization
    • Forest Biology and Management
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Erbilgin, Nadir (Renewable Resources)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • John Spence (Renewable Resources)
    • Maya L. Evenden (Biological Sciences)
    • Lloyd Dosdall (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • James C. Cahill (Biological Sciences)