Designing an incentive program to reduce on-farm deforestation in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania

  • Author / Creator
    Kaczan, David
  • This thesis is a set of two papers on the design of a ‘payment for ecosystem services’ (PES) program for the reduction of on-farm deforestation in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. The forests of this area are internationally recognized as one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems; however they face an ongoing threat from clearing for agriculture. I firstly assessed what design of PES program would be most likely to encourage forest conservation by farmers, using a choice experiment approach. Notable results are that payment for manure fertilizer, representing an investment in farm productivity, was highly effective at motivating farmer support, and that minimal program conditionality was not always preferred. I secondly assessed the risk of motivational crowding out – the detrimental interaction of intrinsic and extrinsic sources of motivation - under different types of hypothetical conservation policy. My experimental economics approach found no evidence of persistent motivational crowding out.

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  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
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    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.