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Food Security in Developing Countries: Gender and Spatial Interactions

  • Author / Creator
    Romero Hernandez, Catalina
  • Food security in developing countries is an essential component of welfare. However, the food security of households can be constrained by the lack of access to international markets, gender inequality, weak agricultural policies and institutions, climate change, and poverty. Smallholder farmers living near one another may face similar economic and environmental conditions, but may have different levels of food security. Neighbors can potentially ease economic constraints and promote food security by acting as channels of resources and information. This research estimates three spatial effects on food security: i) a spatial autoregressive effect - how neighbors’ (edges’) food security influence a farmer’s food security; ii) how neighbors’ food security affects differently the food security of men and women; and iii) how the food security of neighbors of the same gender affect their own food security. Our data contains a wide range of food production and consumption information from 1500 households located across seven countries in Africa and Asia. We find that neighbors have a powerful influence on food security, which accounts for an increase of 17% in own food security. This effect is larger for women (49%) than for men (15%). We also find that women benefit more from their female neighbors (68%) than their male counterparts (16%).

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2020
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-jvg1-4a08
  • License
    Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.