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Development and Applications of an Emissions Micro-Simulation Tool for Transportation Infrastructure Design

  • Author / Creator
    Handford, Daniel I
  • Transportation emissions constitute a significant portion of overall emissions inventories, and contribute to air quality health concerns. Reductions in transportation emissions can be achieved through efficient design of infrastructure, effective policy and regulation, and informed planning decisions. However, current transportation emissions models cannot accomplish all of these goals efficiently, and as a result such reduction opportunities are missed. This work presents a transportation micro-simulation tool that resolves emissions at the link level and efficiently models the effects of traffic congestion, traffic shifting, and mode shifting. This tool can be used for iterative design studies using conventional computing hardware. The model is described in detail, and a confidence assessment tests the model credibility. Several application studies illustrate the usefulness of the approach, and a comparison to an interaction-based micro-simulation demonstrates the efficiency and limitations of the approach.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3K64B077
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Checkel, M. David (Mechanical Engineering
    • Olfert, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Olfert, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Lange, Carlos (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Checkel, M. David (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Fraser, Roydon (University of Waterloo Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering)
    • Lipsett, Michael (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Qiu, Tony (Civil Engineering)