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N-Heterocyclic Olefins: An Investigation into a Developing Class of Ligands

  • Author / Creator
    Powers, Katherine
  • An investigation into the relatively new carbene class, N-heterocyclic olefins (NHOs) was completed. An improved synthesis of the ligand was developed. NHOs were tested as ligands for late transition metal complexes. Specifically complexes with rhodium, gold and palladium were synthesized and characterized. The rhodium complex allowed for investigation into the donor strength and bonding mode. It was determined that NHOs are good σ-donors and very poor π-acceptors. Comparing the NHOs to the ubiquitous N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) showed NHOs to be weaker donors. The NHO-palladium complexes were tested as catalysts for Suzuki-Miyauri cross-coupling reactions. The complexes were active catalysts, but fell short of the currently used NHC complexes.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2016-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3B56DG06
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemistry
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Eric Rivard (Chemistry)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Rylan Lundgren (Chemistry)
    • Mark McDermott (Chemistry)