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Contemporary Women’s Writing in Siberia: Writing Russia’s Peripheries

  • Author / Creator
    Gill, Justine Ratcliffe
  • Nina Gorlanova and Natalia Smirnova are contemporary Siberian women writers. This dissertation examines four short works of fiction from the authors’ collections: Вся Пермь/All of Perm’ by Gorlanova and Женщины и сапожники /The Women and the Shoemakers by Smirnova. I examine their comparable but divergent textual responses to the peripherality of Siberia and the peripheral status of women writers by combining the study of both poetics and ideologies. Siberian space is examined via center-periphery studies. The division between the Urals, Siberia and the periphery is explored via the works of Aleksandr Ianushkevich, Ol’ga Slavnikova and Vladimir Abashev. The myths that help to define Siberia are explored. I introduce broad studies of space by Iurii Lotman and Michel Foucault. Using comparative textual analysis, my study argues that Gorlanova writes about Perm’ and develops a network of interacting spaces around it. She positions peripheral and carceral space prominently. Smirnova uses Siberian peripherality as a backdrop and her focus on domestic spaces negotiates a correlation between generic spaces and the peripheral settings of her stories. Both authors’ treatment of space and status is filtered through the lens of women’s writing. “Women’s writing” as a category and as a “style” is given Russian context. It is established as a second periphery from which these two authors write, but without an effort to produce a programmatic hypothesis regarding the authors’ orientations vis-à-vis feminism. With her use of lifewriting and metafiction, Gorlanova emphasizes the relationship between literary innovation and women’s writing. Works by Helena Goscilo, Rosalind Marsh, Barbara Heldt and Hilda Hoogenboom support my analysis of her texts. Smirnova focuses on female characters living in the periphery, their gendered labour and the language describing this experience. Her writing style and interest in cyclic time and quotidian labour are analyzed (especially sewing and cooking). The importance of byt/everyday life in contemporary women’s writing is studied. The French critical tradition of the 1970’s provides a framework for this reading (Helene Cixous and Luce Irigaray), as does an extended conception of Judith Butler’s theory of performativity and Ann Romines’ study of domestic codes.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3K907
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
  • Specialization
    • Slavic Languages and Literatures
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Pogosjan, Jelena (Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Marples, David (History and Classics)
    • Parts, Lyudmila (Languages, Literature and Culture McGill University)
    • Bortolussi, Marisa (Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
    • Ilnytzkyj, Oleh (Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
    • Rolland, Peter (Chair only, Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
    • Sywenky, Irene (Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)