Novel Mediators and Medical Prevention of Bladder Fibrosis After Partial Bladder Outlet Obstruction

  • Author / Creator
    Maciejewski, Conrad C
  • Introduction: Partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) is a significant problem that can affect renal health. We hypothesize that changes occur in small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) composition of extracellular matrix over time in this process. We hypothesize that medical treatment of this condition will improve functional and molecular outcomes. Methods: Rats underwent surgical pBOO for 4-16 weeks time, and were compared to shams and untreated control animals. Urodynamic measurements were taken, bladders were weighed, measured for thickness, and frozen for RT-PCR and mass spectrometry. Results: Decorin and biglycan were found to be inversely related over the course of pBOO, with decorin decreasing in RNA and protein expression, and biglycan increasing. Treatment of animals with oxybutynin or tadalafil resulted in favorable urodynamic, histologic and molecular changes. Conclusion: SLRPs are differentially regulated in pBOO. Treatment with oxybutynin or tadalafil delayed progression of pBOO pathology. We believe that the process of pBOO is medically alterable.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2012
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
  • Specialization
    • Experimental Surgery
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Luyckx, Valerie (Medicine)
    • Ding, Jie (Surgery)
    • Moore, Ronald (Surgery)
    • Metcalfe, Peter (Surgery)
    • Tredget, Edward (Surgery)