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Variable Retention Harvesting: Mortality of Residual Trees and Natural Regeneration of White Spruce

  • Author / Creator
    Solarik, Kevin
  • In this thesis I examined the impacts of variable retention harvesting on residual tree mortality and natural regeneration of white spruce [Picea glauca (Moench (Voss)] in northern Alberta. The VR was done in four overstory canopy compositions (ranging from deciduous dominated to conifer dominated) and at six rates of canopy retention (2%, 10%, 20%, 50%, 75% and 100%). After 10 years there was 32.9 % mortality of aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) and 16.9 % mortality of spruce in the VR cuts. Mortality of individual trees was greater with low density of trees, in the conifer stands and for trees with short live crowns, which are large and trees near machine corridors. Natural regeneration of spruce was greatest with higher availability of seed trees (>30 ha-1) and on machine corridors, where stocking reached 74%. By contrast, stocking was ≤14% on retention strips, when seed tree density was ≤11 seed trees ha-1.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3KD21
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Renewable Resources
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Lieffers, Victor J. (Renewable Resources)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Spence, John R (Renewable Resources)
    • Volney, Winston Jan A. (Canadian Forest Service)
    • King, Jane R (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)