The association between positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy and midfacial growth: a cross-sectional cephalometric comparison

  • Author / Creator
    Korayem, Mohammed
  • Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a form of sleep-disordered breathing in children that is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete airway obstruction during sleep. Treatment options include adenotonsillectomy and Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) therapy delivered via nasal/oral mask. A cross-sectional cephalometric comparison was conducted to compare two groups of children with OSAS, a Study group consisting of patients using PAP therapy and a control group not using PAP therapy. Lateral cephalograms were obtained from 3-dimensional volumetric scans and digitized to obtain a series of 14 cephalometric variables that were measured for each subject. Statistical analysis comparing the two groups showed no significant difference in craniofacial morphology between them but significant differences between the study groups and normative data. The major differences were shorter cranial base and a more vertical facial growth pattern in children with OSAS as compared to normative data.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Medical Sciences - Orthodontics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Carlos Flores-Mir (Graduate Orthodontics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Manisha Witmans (Pediatrics)
    • Giseon Heo (Graduate Orthodontics)
    • Paul Major (Dentistry)