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Print Culture in Victorian England: The Ottoman Empire at the Great Exhibition of 1851

  • Author / Creator
    Hawkins, Tessa
  • This thesis provides a study of the Ottoman Empire’s display and citizens at the Great Exhibition of 1851 as represented by British print culture. Using official and satirical sources, it examines mediated images of the “Turk,” identifying and interpreting differences between English and Turkish cultures as represented before, during, and directly after the exhibition in primary sources such as the Official Descriptive and Illustrated Catalogue and Punch magazine. Using Western preconceptions and stereotypes, a “Turkish Other” character type was created and disseminated throughout British print media. This character type illustrated Turkish reforms instigated in the nineteenth-century which merged European ideals with Turkish cultural traditions; in doing so, the Ottoman Empire infringed on British national identity. To protect this cultural identity, British satire depicted exaggerated “Turkish Other” characters which, according to Freud’s theory of the narcissism of minor differences (as interpreted by Anton Blok), prevented violent physical conflict between these cultures.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Arts
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3377659X
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Art and Design
  • Specialization
    • History of Art, Design, and Visual Culture
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Joan Greer (History of Art, Design, and Visual Culture)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Hendrickson, Jocelyn (History and Classics)
    • Boone, M. Elizabeth (History of Art, Design, and Visual Culture)