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Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Plate Shear Walls

  • Author / Creator
    Bhowmick, Anjan K
  • A nonlinear finite element model was developed to study the behaviour of unstiffened steel plate shear walls. The model was validated using the results from quasi-static and dynamic experimental programs. With the validated finite element model, the performance of 4-storey and 8-storey Type D (ductile) and Type LD (limited-ductility) steel plate shear walls with moment-resisting beam-to-column connections was studied under spectrum-compatible seismic records. A design procedure that aims to achieve optimal seismic behaviour for steel plate shear walls was proposed. The proposed method uses the concepts of indirect capacity design principles of CAN/CSA-S16-01 to identify the infill plates that are likely to yield in the design earthquake. The proposed method was used for the design of two 4-storey and one 8-storey shear walls. Design axial forces and moments in the boundary columns for the shear walls were shown to be in good agreement with nonlinear seismic analysis results. Results also showed that some of the other capacity design methods available generally underestimate the maximum design forces in the columns, while others can be overly conservative. The effect of loading rate on the dynamic behaviour of steel plate shear walls was also investigated, as was the P-Delta effect in terms of its influence on seismic demand in shear and flexure. A shear strength model of the infill plate with circular openings at any location was developed based on a strip model where all the strips with perforations were partially discounted. A design method for steel plate shear walls with perforations was introduced. The method was applied for the design of boundary columns of a 4-storey steel plate shear wall with perforations. The predicted design forces in the columns for the 4-storey perforated shear wall agreed well with the forces obtained from nonlinear seismic analysis. Finally, an improved simple formula for estimating the fundamental period of steel plate shear walls was developed by regression analysis of the period data obtained from frequency analysis of series of steel plate shear walls. In addition, the effectiveness of a shear–flexure cantilever formulation for determining fundamental periods and P-Delta effects of steel plate shear walls was studied.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2009-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3R90S
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Grondin, Gilbert Y. (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Driver, Robert G. (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Mercan, Oya (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Rogers, Colin A. (Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Canada)
    • Mendez, Patricio F. (Department of Chemicals and Materials Engineering)
    • Szymanski, Jozef (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering)