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Evidence based medicine (EBM) simulation: a novel and practice-relevant approach to teaching real-time literature searching to emergency medicine residents

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Introduction: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) and literature searching skills are competencies within the Emergency Medicine (EM) residency curriculum. Previously in our residency program, a librarian-taught literature searching instruction comprised a classroom-based overview of search engines. Learners reported low engagement and poor retention. To improve engagement, interest and skill retention, we used a novel approach: simulation to teach real- time literature searching.

    Method: Based on a needs assessment of our EM residents, we created a literature searching workshop using a flipped classroom approach and high-fidelity simulation. Goals of the session were to be interactive, engaging and practice-relevant. With a librarian, we developed a brief list of EM-relevant databases, including tips for searching and links to sites / apps. Pre-readings also covered the hierarchy of evidence and formulating a good clinical (PICO) question. Residents (12 junior residents) participated in a high-fidelity simulation involving a stable patient whose management required a literature search to inform decisions. Feedback was collected on the simulation experience.

    Results: Residents received the list of EM-relevant databases seven days prior and were instructed to set up and test the resources on their smartphones. The day of the session, one resident volunteered to lead the simulation; all residents participated in the search on their smart phones. Collectively, it took 4.5 minutes to find a study that adequately addressed the clinical question and manage the patient accordingly. Feedback on the simulation was positive. Students found it “very real and practical” and “immediately institutable into practice”. It helped residents learn to efficiently and effectively search the literature while managing a stable patient.

    Conclusion: A flipped-classroom simulation-based teaching strategy made learning literature searching more interesting, engaging and applicable to EM practice. Based on popular demand, will continue to use this teaching method.

    This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Colmers‐Gray IN, Ha DJ, Tan MC, Dong SL. Evidence‐based Medicine Simulation: A Novel and Practice‐relevant Approach to Teaching Real‐time Literature Searching to Emergency Medicine Residents. AEM Education and Training, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/aet2.10437. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

  • Date created
    2020-06-01
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-hq0p-zt55
  • License
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Colmers‐Gray IN, Ha DJ, Tan MC, Dong SL. Evidence‐based Medicine Simulation: A Novel and Practice‐relevant Approach to Teaching Real‐time Literature Searching to Emergency Medicine Residents. AEM Education and Training.
  • Source
    The article has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/aet2.10437.
  • Link to related item
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/aet2.10437