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Determination of biokinetic parameters of wastewater biofilms from oxygen concentration profiles

  • Author / Creator
    Okafor, Sabinus
  • The process of scale-up and rational optimization of biofilm processes for effective wastewater treatment and reuse require better understanding of the biokinetic behavior of microorganisms in the biofilms. At present, no fast and accurate methods exist for determining kinetic parameters for biofilm systems. This study presents a modified approach to quantify biofilm kinetic parameters from oxygen concentration profiles measured in membrane-aerated biofilms (MABs) and rotating biological contactors (RBC) biofilms. The calculated values of Monod’s half-saturation coefficient (Ks) for oxygen consumption and maximum utilization rate of oxygen (µm/Y) in MABs were estimated to be 2.01 mg O2/cm3 and 6.50×10-8 mgO2/gVS∙s, respectively. And, the values of first-order kinetic coefficient, (µm/Y)/Ks, in MABs and RBC biofilms were in the range of (0.62-1.43)×10-6 and (0.36-5.55)×10-5cm3/gVS∙s, respectively. The biofilm kinetic parameters obtained in this study were found to differ from the same parameters in activated sludge systems, which show that more experimental data for kinetic parameters in biofilms are required.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3MG7X
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Yu, Tong (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Foght, Julia ( Biological Sciences)
    • Ulrich, Ania (Civil and Environmental Engineering)