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Fundamental Understanding of the Flocculation of Mineral Tailings in High Salinity Water

  • Author / Creator
    Ji, Yaguan
  • In this study, the effect of three polymer flocculants, polyacrylamide (PAM), Magnafloc 1011 (MF) and Al(OH)3-polyacrylamide (Al-PAM), on the settling of mineral freshwater and saline tailings was investigated. The settling of tailings significantly depends on solution salinity, polymer flocculant type and dosage. MF was identified as the most efficient flocculant among the three polymers to enhance the settling of freshwater and saline tailings. The flocculation mechanism of MF was further studied through model clay (i.e. kaolinite) under controlled solution conditions. The maximum initial settling rate (ISR) of kaolinite was found to increase with the addition of NaCl and CaCl2 at the cost of higher MF consumption. Using multiple advanced techniques, the interaction between MF molecules and clay particles were probed. The results indicate that the different settling behaviors of MF treated tailings of various salinities were mainly due to the change of polymer conformations and polymer-particle interactions in the suspensions.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3K94R
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Materials Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Liu, Qingxia (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Zeng, Hongbo (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Zeng, Hongbo (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Siddique, Tariq (Department of Renewable Resources)
    • Liu, Qingxia (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)