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Is the pipeline hydro-transport of wheat straw and corn stover to a biorefinery realistic?

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Pipeline hydro-transport is an alternative to truck delivery of agricultural residue (lignocellulosic) biomass. Pipeline hydro-transport benefits from the economies of scale, reduces total delivery costs, and enables bio-based energy facilities to achieve higher capacities. In this study, the empirical correlation based on experimentally developed data for pipeline transport of agricultural residue-water mixtures (slurry) was used to develop a data-intensive techno-economic model to estimate the cost of pipeline hydro-transport of wheat straw and corn stover to a bio-ethanol refinery. The total cost of pipeline hydro-transport was found to be lowest at 8.8% dry matter slurry solid mass content and 2.5 m s-1 slurry velocity. At this biomass slurry solid mass content and velocity, the pipeline hydro-transport of biomass was found to be economically more viable than truck delivery at capacities of 0.45 M dry t yr-1 or more for a one-way pipeline and 1.4 M dry t yr-1 or more for a two-way pipeline (with the return of the carrier liquid . The ability to economically hydro-transport agricultural residue biomass in pipes offers the opportunity to develop large-scale bio-ethanol plants.

  • Date created
    2015-01-01
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Draft / Submitted)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-2vyy-nn28
  • License
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Vaezi, Mahdi, Nimana, Balwinder S., & Kumar, Amit (2015). Is the pipeline hydro-transport of wheat straw and corn stover to a biorefinery realistic? Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining, 9(5), 501-515. https://doi.org/10.1002/bbb.1556
  • Link to related item
    https://doi.org/10.1002/bbb.1556