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Microseismic event location using the Double-difference technique for multiplet analysis

  • Author / Creator
    Castellanos, Fernando r
  • Microseismic event location provides a plethora of information about underground processes such as hydraulic fracturing, steam injection or mining and volcano activities. Nevertheless, accuracy is limited by acquisition geometry and errors in the velocity model and time picks. Although microseismic events can happen anywhere, they tend to re-occur in the same zone. This thesis describes a post-processing technique to relocate events originated in the same source region based on the double-difference method. This technique includes a crosscorrelation procedure to detect similar events and correct time picking errors. The performance of the algorithm is tested on synthetic data and a set of microseismic events recorded in a mine. The method significantly improves locations of similar events, compared to a conventional grid-search algorithm, revealing seismicity patterns likely associated with routine mining operations. The method also includes plots used for quality control of time picking and event location, facilitating geological interpretations.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3F69C
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Physics
  • Specialization
    • Geophysics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Mirko van der Baan (Department of Physics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Jeff Gu (Department of Physics)
    • Dr. Mathieu Dumberry (Department of Physics)
    • Dr. Claire Currie (Department of Physics)