Microseismic event location using the Double-difference technique for multiplet analysis

  • Author / Creator
    Castellanos, Fernando r
  • Microseismic event location provides a plethora of information about underground processes
    such as hydraulic fracturing, steam injection or mining and volcano activities. Nevertheless,
    accuracy is limited by acquisition geometry and errors in the velocity model and time picks.
    Although microseismic events can happen anywhere, they tend to re-occur in the same
    zone. This thesis describes a post-processing technique to relocate events originated in
    the same source region based on the double-difference method. This technique includes a
    crosscorrelation procedure to detect similar events and correct time picking errors. The
    performance of the algorithm is tested on synthetic data and a set of microseismic events
    recorded in a mine. The method significantly improves locations of similar events, compared
    to a conventional grid-search algorithm, revealing seismicity patterns likely associated with
    routine mining operations. The method also includes plots used for quality control of time
    picking and event location, facilitating geological interpretations.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2013
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
  • Specialization
    • Geophysics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Mathieu Dumberry (Department of Physics)
    • Dr. Claire Currie (Department of Physics)
    • Dr. Jeff Gu (Department of Physics)