An Investigation into the early stages of New Zealand’s Voluntary Carbon Market

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • The voluntary carbon market (VCM) is a relatively mature field where institutions have become firmly established. This empirical paper explores findings obtained from interviewing key actors within the VCM in New Zealand, at a time when the organizational field was beginning to emerge (2010/2011). Fourteen semi-structured interviews were carried out with managers and decision-makers at 13 organizations, representing a cross-section of leaders in the field at the time. Participants were investigated regarding their cognitions as well as their operational activities and interactions with the range of actors in the field, and how these evolved over time. Case studies of the wine industry, the taxi industry and the carbon services industry are presented. Findings identify a number of early successes, including endeavors which focused on promoting market integrity through infrastructure and knowledge sharing amongst participants, which influenced others to shift behavior around climate change mitigation in general. Setbacks are evident as well, with the primary setback characterized as market stagnation: buyers and sellers drifting away from the market. Communication challenges, low certification recognition, risk of greenwash exposure, policy uncertainty, the global financial crisis and general disenchantment with the carbon market were listed as some of the causes.

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    Article (Published)
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    © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Birchall, S.J., Murphy, M., Milne, M. (2017). An Investigation into the early stages of New Zealand’s Voluntary Carbon Market. Carbon Management, 71-81.
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