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The genesis of the Gayna River carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposit

  • Author / Creator
    Wallace, Sara Rose Bronwen
  • Geochemical analyses on samples from the Mississippi Valley Type Gayna River deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada, have resulted in the definition of three ore stages and a deposit genesis model. Pb/Pb and Re/Os isotopic analyses indicate that the mineralization at Gayna River was emplaced during the Cretaceous - Tertiary. The sphalerites at Gayna River contain at least 21 trace elements including abnormally high Ga concentrations. Trace elements and 87Sr/86Sr ratios, ranging up to 0.7219 in the ore stage, indicate that underlying shales were the source of metals. The main stage of mineralization resulted from a hot saline brine probably derived from evaporated seawater. Stable isotopes suggest that thermochemical sulphate reduction (TSR) of local gypsum was the source of main and late stage sulphide. Fluids circulating through shale units, by tectonically driven flow, reacted with local gypsum causing TSR and resulting in the deposition of Pb and Zn sulphides at Gayna River.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2009-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R32S72
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gleeson, Sarah (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Richards, Jeremy (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Duke, John (Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences)