Sustainable Synthesis of Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron Particles for Environmental Remediation

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  • Nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) particles represent an important material for diverse environmental applications because of their exceptional electron‐donating properties, which can be exploited for applications such as reduction, catalysis, adsorption, and degradation of a broad range of pollutants. The synthesis and assembly of nZVI by using biological and natural sustainable resources is an attractive option for alleviating environmental contamination worldwide. In this Review, various green synthesis pathways for generating nZVI particles are summarized and compared with conventional chemical and physical methods. In addition to describing the latest environmentally benign methods for the synthesis of nZVI, their properties and interactions with diverse biomolecules are discussed, especially in the context of environmental remediation and catalysis. Future prospects in the field are also considered.

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    Article (Published)
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    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International