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Tanzanian nurses' understanding of spirituality and practice of spiritual care Open Access


Other title
Spiritual care
Holistic nursing care
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Dhamani, Khairunnisa
Supervisor and department
Paul, Pauline (Faculty of Nursing)
Olson, Joanne (Faculty of Nursing)
Examining committee member and department
Barton, Sylvia (Faculty of Nursing)
Molzahn, Anita (Faculty of Nursing)
Caufield, Catherine (Religious Studies Program and the Department of Modern Languages & Cultural Studies)
Schmidt, Nola (College of Nursing, Valparaiso University, Indiana, USA)
Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Spirituality is an integral part of a person’s wholeness and therefore has an effect on and plays an important role in health and illness. Nurses are required by national and international nursing bodies as well as hospital accreditation agencies, to identify patients’ spiritual needs and intervene by integrating spiritual care into their nursing care. However, to date, no nursing studies have described Tanzanian nurses’ experiences of spirituality and spiritual care. The qualitative method of interpretive description was used. A purposive sample of fifteen registered nurses who were engaged in direct clinical practice at one of the private not-for-profit hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania was drawn. In-depth interviews using open-ended questions were carried out, tape-recorded, and transcribed verbatim. The data collection and analysis occurred concurrently. The transcripts were coded using inductive analysis. Themes related to spirituality and spiritual care that emerged from data were: meaning of spirituality, meaning of spiritual care, recognition of spiritual needs, interventions to respond to spiritual needs, challenges addressing spiritual care, and factors positively influencing the provision of spiritual care. Several recommendations for enhancing spiritual caregiving practices were given by participants. The findings from this study offer a basis for assessment, planning, and intervention strategies that nurses can apply in integrating spiritual care in clinical practice.
License granted by Khairunnisa Dhamani ( on 2010-10-27T23:34:50Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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