Investigation of Corrosion and Crack Morphology Behavior under Disbonded Coatings on Pipelines Open Access
- Other title
Stress Corrosion Cracking
- Type of item
- Degree grantor
University of Alberta
- Author or creator
- Supervisor and department
Chen, Weixing (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
- Examining committee member and department
Eadie, Reg (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Zhang, Hao (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Luo, Jingli (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Date accepted
- Graduation date
Master of Science
- Degree level
Coating disbondment on pipelines is a common phenomenon that leads to exposure of the pipeline metal to the surrounding soil and ground water solutions. The exposure of pipelines to those corrosive environments is associated with development of corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) on the pipeline steel. Despite the wide study of the electrochemical conditions underneath disbonded coatings, little information has been provided regarding the correlation between the coating disbondment gap size, the corrosion rate of the steel, and the SCC shallow crack morphology at the disbondment location. This research aims to understand the effect of the pipeline coating conditions on corrosion and near-neutral pH SCC of the underlying pipeline steel.
The corrosion behavior and rate of pipeline steel under coating disbondment gaps of varying sizes was investigated through field data and experimental studies. The experimental studies were performed on X-65 pipeline steel coupons in anaerobic conditions, with various CO2 concentrations (2%, 5%, and 20% CO2), without Cathodic Protection (CP). The steel coupons were placed into a vertical coupon holder simulating a coating disbondment on a pipeline. The findings showed that a metal ion concentration cell may develop under narrower coating disbondments.
In the analysis of the field data, dig reports provided by a Canadian gas transportation company were analyzed for cases of anaerobic corrosion under tape and asphalt coatings. The results obtained through field data analysis correlated with the experimental findings, suggesting that concentration cells under narrow coating disbondments may be responsible for enhanced corrosion on pipelines in the field.
The effect of the coating disbondment gap size on the morphology of shallow cracks was analyzed in X-60 pipeline steel, in 5% CO2 under triangular tensile loading under coating disbondment gaps of various sizes. The results showed that the coating disbondment gap size affects the morphology of the shallow cracks under the disbondment.
- Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
- Citation for previous publication
K. Chevil, W. Chen, R,. Eadie, A. Eslami, R. Kania, R. Worthingham, and G. Van Boven. 2012. "Developing Cathodic Protection Based on Disbondment Geometry", ASME. 45134; Volume 2: Pipeline Integrity Management: 583-590.September 24, 2012. IPC2012-90675. K. Chevil, W. Chen, R. Eadie, J. Been, R. Kania, and G. Van Boven. “Correlating Corrosion Field Data with Experimental Findings for the Development of Pipeline Mitigation Strategies”, unpublished work, currently revised for IPC 2014, Calgary, Alberta: Paper 33678.
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