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Route-Level Transit Passenger Origin-Destination Trip Estimation from Automatic Passenger Counting Data: A Case Study in Edmonton Open Access


Other title
OD Trip Estimation
Bus Stop Grouping
OD Matrix
APC Data
Public Transit
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Lan, Cheng
Supervisor and department
Qiu, Zhi-Jun (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Qiu, Zhi-Jun (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Kim, Amy (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Shirgaokar, Mansih (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Transit passenger origin-destination (OD) trip estimation is very important for transit planning, service management and operation analysis. The traditional method to conduct transit OD trip estimation requires on-board surveys to collect passenger on-off data, which are time-consuming, expensive and usually by-products of other comprehensive censuses which may take place in a very low frequency. The Automatic Data Collection (ADC) systems, including Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) system, Automatic Passenger Counting (APC) system and Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system, can collect passenger boarding and alighting counts frequently and have a much larger coverage than on-board surveys. In this thesis, data structure and methods of preprocessing APC data are discussed; route-level transit passenger OD trip estimation methods using APC data are reviewed and applied to the APC data of the Route 1 of the Edmonton Transit System (ETS). The analysis in this thesis shows those methods can produce similar results, but they have strengths and drawbacks. This thesis compares them and makes recommendations for practical applications. Besides, this thesis reviews and implements the stop grouping method to group similar stops along the Route 1 of ETS. The result stop group configuration synthesizes important flow patterns along the Route 1 which is more useful for transit agencies than stop-to-stop OD trip estimations.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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