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Emergence of wordlikeness in the mental lexicon: Language, population, and task effects in visual word recognition Open Access


Other title
morphological processing
lexical decision
mixed-effects modeling
visual word recognition
bilingual processing
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Miwa, Koji
Supervisor and department
Baayen, Harald (Linguistics)
Nearey, Terrance (Linguistics)
Examining committee member and department
Libben, Gary (Applied Linguistics, Psychology, Brock University)
Tucker, Benjamin (Linguistics)
Gagné, Christina (Psychology)
Baayen, Harald (Linguistics)
Nearey, Terrance (Linguistics)
Dijkstra, Ton (Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour)
Feldman, Laurie (Psychology, University at Albany, SUNY)
Department of Linguistics

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Various aspects of our higher-level cognition affect the buttom-up information uptake in perception of objects, faces, and scenes. Such interplay between new information and existing information in our memory can be seen also in rapid visual word recognition. Lexical processing architectures proposed to date, however, have been based mostly on studies with specific characteristics: those investigating monolingual English speakers reading English words, with a lexical decision task demand, and with response times as the primary dependent variable (Libben & Jarema, 2002). Phenomena consistently observed across different linguistic characteristics, individuals, and tasks must surely reflect the core of human language processes (i.e. functional overlap). In this dissertation, I investigated consequences of testing different language, population, and task on visual word recognition processes in three studies: primed Japanese kanji lexical decision with Japanese monolinguals (Chapter 2), eye-tracking Japanese kanji lexical decision with Japanese monolinguals (Chapter 3), and eye-tracking English lexical decision with Japanese-English bilinguals, who possess knowledge of orthographically different languages (Chapter 4). The three studies collectively show that language-specific properties, individual differences, and variable task demands, by themselves, do not result in completely different pictures with respect to how wordlikeness emerges in visual word recognition.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
Miwa, K., Libben, G., & Baayen, R. H. (2012). Semantic radicals in Japanese two-character word recognition. Language and Cognitive Processes, 27, 142-158.Miwa, K., Libben, G., Dijkstra, T., & Baayen, R. H. (2013). The time-course of lexical activation in Japanese morphographic word recognition: Evidence for a character-driven processing model. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2013.790910

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