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When skills don’t matter: occupational status recovery inequalities within Canada’s highly skilled immigrant population Open Access


Other title
Highly skilled immigrants
Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada
Occupational status
Immigrant economic assimilation
Survival analysis
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Templeton, Laura
Supervisor and department
Haan, Michael (Sociology, Adjunct)
Examining committee member and department
Krahn, Harvey (Sociology)
Hughes, Karen (Sociology)
Luchak, Andrew (Business)
Hiebert, Daniel (Geography, The University of British Columbia)
Department of Sociology

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
This dissertation explores potential explanations for why occupational status recovery inequalities develop within Canada’s highly skilled immigrant population during the first four years of settlement. Using a nationally representative dataset, the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, the first empirical chapter establishes a gender/race hierarchy of outcomes despite accounting for human capital and other labour market differences (Chapter 2). Upon identification of this hierarchy, the remaining chapters explore possible causes for the disadvantaged position of immigrant women and non-white immigrants, including the influence of credential source area, and occupational clustering by ethno-racial background (Chapter 3) and gender processes within and outside of the domestic home (Chapter 4). Chapter results reveal that the disadvantaged position of non-white immigrants remains largely unexplained. A number of possibilities for this unexplained difference are discussed. Although ethnic social networks or ethnic economic enclaves may account for the economic underperformance of non-white immigrants relative to white immigrants, outcomes also provide support for claims that non-white immigrants face labour market discrimination in Canada. Furthermore, the especially disadvantaged position of non-white immigrant women appears to be due to the additive effects of an “unexplained” effect experienced by all non-white immigrants and gendered responsibilities within the domestic home (i.e., childcare). Principal conclusions, future research directions, and policy implications are discussed at the end of each chapter as well as within the main discussion section (Chapter 5).
License granted by Laura Templeton ( on 2011-08-11T16:49:54Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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