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Heel Buildup during Electrothermal Regeneration of Activated Carbon Fiber Cloth Open Access


Other title
Volatile organic compound
Electrothermal regeneration
Purge gas flow rate
Heel buildup
Activated carbon fiber cloth
Heating rate
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Niknaddaf, Saeid
Supervisor and department
Hashisho, Zaher (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Rajendran, Arvind (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Yu, Tong (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Hashisho, Zaher (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Environmental Engineering
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Adsorption is the most common method for controlling volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emission from automotive painting process. However, unwanted accumulation of adsorbate during cycling (heel buildup) is a common challenge in this process. The objective of this research is to identify the impact of regeneration conditions such as temperature, heating rate and purge flow rate on heel buildup and adsorption capacity. For this purpose, five cycle adsorption/regeneration experiments using 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (TMB) on activated carbon fiber cloth (ACFC) were completed using resistive heating. Increasing temperature from 288 to 400 °C worsened adsorbent performance, as indicated by smaller adsorption capacity and larger heel buildup. Decreasing heating rate from 100 to 5 °C/min and increasing flow rate from 5 to 0.1 SLPM decreased heel buildup (by 56% and 90%, respectively) and capacity loss (by 85% and 97%, respectively). These observations are the result of carbon deposition due to thermal degradation of TMB during regeneration which is the impact of rapid adsorbent heating rates. The results of this work will help to optimize regeneration condition to allow fast desorption with minimal adsorbate decomposition
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