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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3932F

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Colloidal Fouling of Salt Rejecting Nanofiltration Membranes: Transient Electrokinetic Model and Experimental Study Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Levine-Neale Electrophoretic Mobility
Membrane Filtration
Kuwabara Cell Model
Nanofiltration
Cake Enhanced Concentration Polarization
Film Theory
Electroosmotic Back Flow
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Mamun, Md. Abdullaha-Al-
Supervisor and department
Bhattacharjee, Subir (Mechanical Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Bhattacharjee, Subir (Mechanical Engineering)
Ayranci, Cagri (Mechanical Engineering)
Yeung, Anthony (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Department
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Specialization

Date accepted
2012-08-02T13:49:59Z
Graduation date
2012-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Membrane separation processes are widely used for separation of colloids, macromolecules, organic and ions. Among different processes, nanofiltration (NF) is being increasingly used for removing multiple molecular weight and size solutes using a single membrane. Fouling is a commonly encountered phenomena in membrane processes, adversely influencing the permeate flux and membrane life. In this work, a transient electrokinetic model has been developed to predict the performance of salt rejecting NF membranes in presence of colloidal particles. The model combines the transient growth of colloidal cake layer and cake enhanced concentration polarization (CECP) of the salt to predict the performance. The study provides fundamental insight into the development of streaming potential and electroosmotic back flow due to transport of ions around the charged spherical particles of the cake layer based on the Levine-Neale cell model of electrophoresis. This model is then coupled with film theory to assess the permeate flux decline and salt rejection during NF. To validate the model with experimental results, cross flow NF was conducted with silica particles and sodium chloride solution over a range of operating conditions. The model predictions of flux and cake layer fouling were found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3932F
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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