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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3959CG51

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Effect of Open Space Distribution on Spatial Accessibility and Park Management Costs in the Context of Urban Neighbourhoods Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
GIS
Spatial Accessibility
VIF
NSP
Hedonic pricing model
OLS
Park Management Costs
Municipal Reserve
Mowing simulation
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Islam,Md Saiful
Supervisor and department
Ahmed Bouferguene (Campus Saint-Jean)
Mohamed Al-Hussein (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Ahmed Bouferguene (Campus Saint-Jean)
Evan Davies (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Mohamed Al-Hussein (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Department
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Specialization
Construction Engineering and Management
Date accepted
2015-07-14T09:11:59Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Preserving open space in residential areas has been proven to have numerous physical and mental health benefits for the residents. Parks, playgrounds, and walking trails for pedestrians and cyclists are primary designed open spaces in a neighbourhood structured plan (NSP) that promote active living lifestyle regardless of a resident’s personal attitude towards fitness. The City of Edmonton has established a Municipal Reserve (MR) plan and strategy to allocate open green space for public recreational facilities in NSP. In the subdivision development process, 10% of gross developable land is allocated as MR, which is designated for public recreational facilities and school/park development. This study focuses on how accessibility to neighbourhood parks (MR) could be enhanced through the suitable distribution of MR. Spatial interaction index (SIx) for 18 case study neighbourhoods is assessed using a spatial accessibility model. Results show a skewed distribution of SIx in most cases. Hedonic pricing analysis for these neighbourhoods shows positive correlation of property value with MR. As the distance from well-developed MR with playgrounds or recreational parks increases by 1%, property value decreases by 1.02% for neighbourhoods located in the southwest region of Edmonton. The study also reveals that proximity to open space reserved as storm management facilities has a significant effect on the housing value (price elasticity is 1.5%) for the same neighbourhoods. A hypothetical neighbourhood design is created to simulate the effect of various policy scenarios on neighbourhood design. The results reveal that distributed design of MR increases the accessibility to this reserved public space, overall property value increases by $5,686,924, and the corresponding additional municipal tax revenue is $43,133. Cost analysis of park maintenance operation in the hypothetical design scenario reveals that this additional revenue is sufficient to recover annual park management costs. Also, mowing duration optimization is possible by using an alternative machine size in the case of the new hypothetical design.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3959CG51
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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